Agricultural Reviews

  • Chief EditorPradeep K. Sharma

  • Print ISSN 0253-1496

  • Online ISSN 0976-0741

  • NAAS Rating 4.84

Frequency :
Quarterly (March, June, September & December)
Indexing Services :
AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Reviews, volume 42 issue 2 (june 2021) : 240-244

Pearl Millet as a Sustainable Alternative Cereal for Novel Value-added Products in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review

M. Dube, N. Nyoni, S. Bhebhe, M. Maphosa, A. Bombom
1Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Lupane State University, Box 70, Lupane, Zimbabwe.
Cite article:- Dube M., Nyoni N., Bhebhe S., Maphosa M., Bombom A. (2021). Pearl Millet as a Sustainable Alternative Cereal for Novel Value-added Products in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review. Agricultural Reviews. 42(2): 240-244. doi: 10.18805/ag.R-174.
Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] is an underutilized small grain, nutrient-rich cereal crop cultivated in the arid and semi-arid tropics of Asia and Africa. However, several barriers exist that preclude the full exploitation of the crop such as low yield, inadequate processing technologies, lack of extension support and limited productive varieties. Furthermore, anti-nutritional factors in the grain such as polyphenols reduce digestibility, palatability and bio-availability of other nutrients. Reduction or elimination of these anti-nutritional factors through pre-treatments like boiling, cooking, roasting, soaking improves the nutritional quality of the grain.  Underutilized pearl millet genetic resources and processing has the potential to contribute towards sustainable agriculture particularly in drought prone and marginal areas of Africa. This review focuses on nutritional value, pearl millet cultivation and utilization challenges, processing and value addition interventions to improve crop adoption and productivity in sub-Saharan Africa.
  1. Datir, R.P., Adil, S. and Sahare, A.S. (2018). Pearlmillet: boon in mineral deficiency: A review. Agricultural Reviews. 39: 327-332.
  2. Dias-Martins, A.M., Pessanha, K.L.F., Pacheco, S., Rodrigues, J.A.S. and Carvalho, C.W.P. (2018). Potential use of pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] in Brazil: Food security, processing, health benefits and nutritional products. Food Research International. 109: 175-186.
  3. Dudeja, P. and Singh, A. (2017). Food safety in modern society-changing trends of food production and consumption. Food Safety in the 21st Century: Public Health Perspective. 83-88.
  4. Embashu, W. and Nantanga, K.M.M. (2019). Pearlmillet grain: A mini-review of the milling, fermentation and brewing of ontaku, a non-alcoholic traditional beverage in Namibia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 74: 276-282
  5. Gopalan, C., Rama Shastri, B. and Balasubramanian, S. (2016). Nutritive value of Indian Foods. National Institute of Nutrition, India pp 161.
  6. Gwamba, J., Kruger, J. and Taylor, J.R.N. (2019). Influence of grain quality characteristics and basic processing technologies on the mineral and antinutrient contents of iron and zinc biofortified open-pollinated variety and hybrid-type pearl millet. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 55(4): 1547-158.
  7. Hulse, J.H., Laing, E.M. and Pearson, O.E. (1980). Sorghum and the Millets: Their Composition and Nutritive Value. London: Academic Press.
  8. Jiri, O., Mafongoya, P.L. and Chivenge, P. (2017). Climate smart crops for food and nutritional security for semi-arid zones of Zimbabwe. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. 17: 12280-12294.
  9. Krishnan, R. and Meera, M.S. (2018). Pearl millet minerals: effect of processing on bioaccessibility. Journal of Food Science and Technology. 55: 3362-3372.
  10. Ndiaye, C. (2018). Quality and Nutritional Impacts of Extrusion on Pearl Millet and Nutrient Dense Native Plant Blends. Thesis and Dissertations Available from ProQuest. https://
  11. Ramashia, S.E., Anyasi, T.A., Gwata, E.T., Meddows-Taylor, S. and Jideani, A.I.O. (2019). Processing, nutritional composition and health benefits of finger millet sub-Saharan Africa. Food Science and Technology. 39: 253-266.
  12. Rani, S., Singh, R., Sehrawat, R., Kaur, B.P. and Upadhyay, A. (2018). Pearl Millet Processing: A Review. In: Nutrition and Food Science, Emerald Group Publishing Ltd. 48(1): 30-44.
  13. Rana, N. and Dahiya, S. (2019). Antioxidant activity, mineral content and dietary fibre of grains. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 38: 81-84. 
  14. Saleh, A.S.M., Zhang, Q., Chen, J. and Shen, Q. (2013). Millet grains: Nutritional quality, processing and potential health benefits. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. 12: 281-295.
  15. Serba, D.D., Perumal, R., Tesso, T.T. and Min, D. (2017). Status of global pearl millet breeding programs and the way forward. Crop Science. 12: 2891-2905.
  16. Satankar, M., Patil, A.K., Kautkar, S. and Kumar, U. (2020). Pearl millet: A fundamental review on underutilized source of nutrition. Multilogic Science X. Issue XXXIV.
  17. Serba, D.D. and Yadav, R.S. (2016). Genomic tools in pearl millet breeding for drought tolerance: status and prospects. Frontiers in Plant Science. 22.
  18. Singh, A., Aggarwal, N., Aulakh, G.S. and Hundal, R.K. (2012). Ways to maximize the water use efficiency in field crops- A review. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2: 108-129.
  19. Singh, A., Gupta, S., Kaur, R. and Gupta, H.R. (2017). Process optimization for anti-nutrient minimization of millets. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 36: 322-326.
  20. Suma, F. and Urooj, A. (2017). Impact of household processing methods on the nutritional characteristics of pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoideum): A Review. MOJ Food Processing and Technology. 4: 28-32.
  21. Sridevi, B.V., Nirmala, B., Hanchinal, R.R. and Basarkar, P.W. (2011). Antioxidant contents of whole grain cereals, millets and their milled fractions. Journal of Dairy and Food Research. 30: 191-196.
  22. Tadele, Z. (2018). African Orphan Crops under Abiotic Stresses: Challenges and Opportunities. Scientifica. 2018.
  23. Tito, R., Vasconcelos, H.L. and Feeley, K.J. (2018). Global climate change increases risk of crop yield losses and food insecurity in the tropical Andes. Global Change Biology. 24: 592-602.
  24. Upadhyaya, H.D. and Vetriventhan, M. (2018). Underutilized climate- smart nutrient rich small millets for food and nutritional security. Regional Expert Consultation on Underutilized Crops for Food and Nutritional Security in Asia and the Pacific - Thematic, Strategic Papers and Country Status Reports.
  25. Varshney, R.K., Shi, C., Thudi, M., Mariac, C., Wallace, J., Qi, P., Zhang, H. et al. (2017). Pearl millet genome sequence provides a resource to improve agronomic traits in arid environments. Nature Biotechnology. 35: 969-976.
  26. Vinoth, A. and Ravindhran, R. (2017). Biofortification in millets: A sustainable approach for nutritional security. Frontiers in Plant Science. 8: 29. 00029.
  27. Wang, J., Vanga, S., Saxena, R., Orsat, V. and Raghavan, V. (2018). Effect of climate change on the yield of cereal crops: A review. Climate. 6: 41. 

Editorial Board

View all (0)