Agricultural Reviews

  • Chief EditorPradeep K. Sharma

  • Print ISSN 0253-1496

  • Online ISSN 0976-0741

  • NAAS Rating 4.84

Frequency :
Quarterly (March, June, September & December)
Indexing Services :
AGRICOLA, Google Scholar, CrossRef, CAB Abstracting Journals, Chemical Abstracts, Indian Science Abstracts, EBSCO Indexing Services, Index Copernicus
Agricultural Reviews, volume 33 issue 2 (june 2012) : 170-174


Parveen Kumar*, M. S. Nain1, Rajinder Peshin
1Division of Agricultural Extension Education, SKUAST-J, Main Campus Chatha-180 009, India
  • Submitted|

  • First Online |

  • doi

Cite article:- Kumar* Parveen, Nain1 S. M., Peshin Rajinder (2024). CHANGING FACE OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION: FROM A P TO 4PS - A REVIEW. Agricultural Reviews. 33(2): 170-174. doi: .
Public funded extension services in India have a wide outreach and the services provided are usually free of cost. In recent times the severe criticism largely because of their inability to provide last mile delivery of services in time is being faced by them. The increased demand for more efficient services has increased the scope of privatization of extension services which has taken different forms in different countries ranging from Franchisee, Vouchers, Contracting to Cost sharing etc. Serious doubts are raised about the sustainability of privatization that Privatization would concentrate on commercial resourceful big farmers, favourable areas such as irrigated, fertile soils and commercial crop growing areas. The concept of Public Private Partnership has also been tried at many levels and in different forms. One of the successful reported cases is the Hoshangabad model in Madhya Pradesh where the Department of Agriculture, Government of M. P and Dhanuka group, joined hands to provide timely inputs to the farmers besides capacity building by organizing tours and trainings.The future of extension envisages a participatory development model for rural areas which should clearly define the role of different partners. Public Private Panchayat Partnership (PPPP)may  involve Panchayats at local levels as promoter and facilitator so as to bridge the gap between farmers and research scientists which may aim at moving from mere livelihood support to promoting rural   prosperity, increasing farm income and augmenting rural employment.
  1. PO (Asian Productivity Organization) (1994). Agri. Ext. Systems in Asia and Pacific. Report of APO study meeting June 15-25, 1993
  2. Desai, G. R. (2005). Changing Perspectives in Extension Management. MANAGE Ext. Res. Rev. 4: 1-21
  3. Farrington. J. (1994). Public sector agricultural extension: Is there life after structural Adjustment? Natural Resources Perspectives. Oversees Development Institute, London.
  4. Reddy, M. N. (2005). Public Private Partnership in Extension Management. Banner programme on new dimensions in Agricultural Extension Reforms. MANAGE. Hyderabad.
  5. Rivera, W. M and Cary, J. W. (1998) Privatizing Agricultural Extension. pp: 133-140. In Swanson, B.E., Bantz, R.P. and Sofranko, A. J. (Ed.) Improving Ag. Ext.: A Reference Manual, FAO, Rome.
  6. Sarvanan. R. (2001). Privatization of Agricultural Extension. In P. Chandra Sekhara (Ed.) Private Extension in India: Myths, realities, apprehensions and approaches, MANAGE, Hyderabad.
  7. Tiwari, M. K. and Pandey, K. N. S. (2001). Privatization of Indian Extension Services. Ag. Ext. Review. 13:23-39.
  8. Singh, H. (2010). Public Private Panchayat Partnership for inclusive growth, The Tribune, April, 28, 2010.

Editorial Board

View all (0)