Agricultural Reviews

  • Chief EditorPradeep K. Sharma

  • Print ISSN 0253-1496

  • Online ISSN 0976-0741

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Agricultural Reviews, volume 23 issue 3 (september 2002) : 223 - 226


B.S. Bhattu, P.S. Gill·, Jugraj Singh··
1PAU, Krishi Vigyan Kendra. Bahowal, Hoshiarpur - 146 001, India
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Cite article:- Bhattu B.S., Gill· P.S., Singh·· Jugraj (2024). LEUCAENA LEUCOCEPHALA AS A FEED FOR RUMINANTS IN SUBMOUNTAINOUS TRACT OF NORTH-WESTERN INDIA - A REVIEW. Agricultural Reviews. 23(3): 223 - 226. doi: .
Leucaena leucocephala (subabul) is known for its rich source of protein having high biological value and other nutrients like vitamins and minerals but also anti-nutritional factor, like mimosine limits its utilization by livestock. Leucaena leucocephala meal protein can replace oilseed protein in the ration of lactating animals up to 30% without any deleterious effect on nutrients utilization and milk production at economic price. The leaf-meal plant can also be used as a supplement in animal feed during the lean season and also in time of calamity. When animals are graduallv introduced to leucaena, rumen microorganisms can break down the mimosine and toxic action of mimosine no longer poses a problem. In animals receiving rations containing high amount of leaucena, the general clinical signs of toxicity are alopecia, excessive salivation, loss of appetite, inco-ordination of gait, enlarged thyroid glands, poor breeding performance and production of goitrous calves. The toxicity is not acute under field conditions, while white clover and lucerne, which cause bloat in temperate pastures, are a far greater risk in terms of stock losses than leucaena.
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